Description: This plant is native to the Andes Mountains in South America. It is particularly known for its leaves containing alkaloids, including cocaine. While traditionally used by local communities, it has also been misused for cocaine production.
Description: Another species from South America, this Erythroxylum plant is notable for its leaves containing cocaine. It is traditionally used in local medicine and has cultural significance.
Description: Indigenous to Brazil, this plant is commonly found in the Amazon rainforests. The bark is traditionally believed to have aphrodisiac properties and is used in local medicine.
Description: Exclusive to Brazil’s cerrado ecosystem, this plant is utilized in traditional medicine by the local population. The bark and leaves are employed in the treatment of various health issues.
Description: This South American species, particularly found in Brazil, thrives in cerrado and forested areas. Its roots and leaves are utilized in local medicinal practices.
Description: Exclusive to Cuba, this plant is typically found in mountainous forests. Locally, it is used for various health-related purposes in traditional medicine.